Week of September 3, 2023


The massive and opulent Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was named for Mausolus, the ambitious 4th century governor in what is now Turkey, who started its construction during his life. About 140 feet in height, the building lasted 17 centuries, with parts of it still to be found in exhibits.


The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was described as twice the size of the Parthenon and both longer and wider than a modern football field, not to mention made entirely of marble. This enormous temple to the Greek fertility goddess took 120 years (or by one account, 200 years) to complete.


At forty-five centuries old, weighing in at 5.75 million tons and made of 2.3 million massive blocks of limestone and granite, the Great Pyramid at Giza is the only wonder of the ancient world still largely intact. Built for the pharaoh Khufu over 20 years by between 20,000 and 100,000 workers, it sits in a complex that includes smaller pyramids and with sides that align with the cardinal directions and was called “perhaps the most colossal single building ever erected on the planet.”